POST 171. June 20, 2021. CORONAVIRUS. “A 34-year-old man (a Covid-19 survivor) has been diagnosed with India’s first known case of “green fungus” infection.”… “Green fungus is the new infection to join the earlier known cases of black, white and yellow fungus.”…”green fungus was earlier seen only as a “junior partner” in other infections… In the current patient, this fungus is acting as the aggressor.”

“We are not aware of any proper treatment of Green Fungus….Doctors in Mumbai will treat the first Green Fungus patient and then they may reveal treatment details.”  (F)

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A 34 year-old man from Indore, Madhya Pradesh, has been diagnosed with India’s first known case of “green fungus” infection and airlifted to a hospital in Mumbai for treatment.

The Covid-19 survivor was on Monday admitted to the Hinduja Hospital in Mumbai, Maharashtra, after his tests showed the presence of green fungus, also known as Aspergillosis, reports said.

District health statistics officials have called this “most likely India’s first case of such an ailment.”

Dr Ravi Dosi, head of the Department of Chest Diseases at Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences in Indore, told the media: “The man who was suspected of having contracted black fungus infection (mucormycosis) underwent a test, after which it was discovered that he had developed green fungus (Aspergillosis) infection in his sinuses, lungs, and blood.”

He added that the patient had recovered from Covid-19 but then “he started having nose bleeds and a high fever. He had also become very weak due to weight loss.”

News agency Press Trust of India (PTI) reported that the man’s lungs had been found to be 90 per cent infected….” (A)

“Dr Ashutosh Dhanuka, consultant and pulmonologist, Critical Care Centre, Sacred Heart Hospital, Jalandhar, said, “The patient who hails from Baba Bakala in Amritsar was initially hospitalised after testing Covid-positve at Ludhiana in March. He stayed in the hospital for 22 days after which he was discharged. But his cough failed to subside and dissatisfied with the diagnosis elsewhere, the patient was brought to us on Sunday. After bronchoscopy and on seeing the biopsy reports, the patient has been found positive for invasive aspergillosis or green fungus. The patient isn’t on life support currently but taking into account the seriousness of the disease, he is under strict monitoring. During the Covid era, this is the first green fungus case reported with us.”

Dr Ashutosh added, “Green fungus is a rare disease, often misdiagnosed as TB. While black fungus is more fatal, green fungus is characterised by invasion of the lungs by a fungus and needs strict medical treatment and monitoring. We are hoping the patient heals medically without surgery. Currently, he is under observation.”” (E)

“Aspergillosis can cause allergic reactions, lung infections and infections in other organs. COVID-19 patients who are diabetic and under steroid therapy, are at risk of various fungal infections. India has more than 28,000 Mucormycosis (a deadly fungal infection by zygomycetes) cases right now. Infection by Candida fungi, which has been dubbed as ‘White fungus’ and Yellow fungus are other fungal infections reported in COVID-19 patients in India.” “ (B)

“People can get infected with green fungus by breathing in microscopic Aspergillus spores from the environment.

According to the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “most people breathe in Aspergillus spores every day without getting sick”. However, weakened immune systems or lung diseases puts one at a higher risk of catching the infection.

People with weakened immune systems, such as COVID survivors, or those who have lung diseases, are at a greater risk of developing health issues due to the infection, says CDC.

Those who have have: Cystic fibrosis or asthma; Tuberculosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or sarcoidosis.

“We mostly see people with low immunity get affected by Mucormycosis, Candida, and Aspergillosis.”…

Infections like green, black, white, and yellow fungus are not new, and neither are they unique to the COVID-19 virus, FIT reports. But being associated with COVID has put them in the spotlight like never before.

“Any critically ill person is prone to what is is called ‘invasive candidiasis’… A severe infection can lead to a secondary infection. If you have a severe septicemia because of bacterial infection or viral infections, you can get a secondary fungal infection because of the immunity being compromised.”” (C)

“Green fungus is the new infection to join the earlier known cases of black, white and yellow fungus. Randeep Guleria, director of All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi, had told the media last month that it was better to use the medical names of these infections rather than by the colour of the fungus to avoid any “confusion.”…

Meanwhile, green fungus was earlier seen only as a “junior partner” in other infections, Dr Dosi said. In the current patient, this fungus is acting as the aggressor. He had battled Covid-19 for the last one and a half months.

According to the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), allergic reactions, lung infections and infections in other organs are among the types of health problems caused by Aspergillus. However, Aspergillosis is not contagious and can’t spread between people or between people and animals from the lungs.

CDC noted that “people with weakened immune systems or lung diseases are at a higher risk of developing health problems due to Aspergillus. The types of health problems caused by Aspergillus include allergic reactions, lung infections, and infections in other organs.”

Meanwhile, in Maharashtra, the number of black fungus or mucormycosis reached 7395 on Sunday, as per the state health department data. Several states in the country — Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Odisha, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu — have declared mucormycosis a “notifiable” diseases under the country’s Epidemic Diseases Act.

Till earlier this month, at least 28,000 cases of black fungus were reported in the country.

On 15 June, The BJP government announced that the government was facilitating the “smooth supply” of the drug Amphotericin to combat black fungus.”” (D)

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1 Comments

  1. mmrolex.com

    outstanding article, i love it

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